The world comes under peace again.. ( Part 2)
- Arun Iyer, IX std, Abhinav Vidyalay
In this part, many cold war events take place. Some event's mistakes could have devastated the world, and some events teach us that no one can stop humans from he/she's rights. These events carve great importance in history. This part is thrilling and has lots of twists you will enjoy and gain good history knowledge.
3) The Cuban Missile Crisis(October - November 1962)
The US was developing warfare technology. They built the nuclear missile which was first attacked on Hiroshima Nagasaki in WW2. On the other hand, the USSR was also developing warfare technology. The invention of the AK-47 gun and Mig - 21 was one of the greatest inventions. But, they were upset by the US nuclear technology. Then they conducted research and made their Nuclear technology. Nuclear technology was useful as well as harmful. It can destroy a whole nation. The US army built its nuclear base in Europe for protection from the USSR. The nuclear base firing range was till Moscow which was the Capital of the USSR . Seeing this, the USSR also wanted to construct its nuclear base so that it could protect its alliance.
The USSR and Cuba were in an alliance because both Nations were communist nations. Cuba is informed that it is in threat by the USA. Both the USSR and Cuba had meetings and treaties. The solution was to build a nuclear base in Cuba in February 1962. The nuclear base will create chaos in the USA. This treaty was secretly done between President of USSR Nikita Khrushchev and Dictator of Cuba Fidel Castro. The USSR started constructing its base. During this construction the US felt something So. the CIA(Central Intelligence Agency) started its investigation in Cuba, They took Aerial photos and found the constructing nuclear base. Also, the submarines from the USSR sailing to Cuba had Nuclear missiles. Seeing this, US president John F Kennedy ordered the navy to stop the USSR submarines. The action was taken by US navy ships blocking the way of submarines. It was the time when WW3 may be taken. The treaty and talks between the USA and USSR stopped this crisis and the world became peaceful. During this India had to suffer Because of the Indo-Sino war which was fought during this period. China was waiting for this time to attack India.
4) Fall of East Germany
After the separation of Germany in East and West Germany, many issues occurred on the border. In East Germany the government was providing free education and healthcare but yet there were no jobs. People from East Germany started migrating towards West Germany for jobs, illegally. The East German government started putting tripwires on the border but, yet the migration was taken. Then the USSR and East Germany built a wall that divides East and west. Also, the Wall was built in Berlin. The Soviet Union wanted to capture the whole of Germany. That's why they built a wall. People in East Germany were suffering a lot from the dictatorial government. Many peaceful protests against East Germany. Lots of pressure came on East Germany and the USSR. The USSR was slowly collapsing. In 1987 Ronald Reagan, the US president came to West Germany and gave a powerful speech “Gorbachev(USSR President) pull down this wall”. Due to many problems and the drowning of the USSR, East Germany declared to break the wall and unite Germany. This initiative was declared in a historical press conference. The East German government speaker has not read the whole law properly and said the wrong date when this initiative will be forced that he said after this press conference. People from East Germany and West Germany started breaking the wall, Germans were happy and again getting united. This Berlin wall fall marked the end of East Germany and the drowning of the USSR. This fall marked that no one can stop people from the rights they should get.
5) Collapse of USSR
The USSR collapse process started from 1988-1991. The main causes of the collapse were a drowning economy, constant war, and being politically unstable. The Soviet Union had many oil fields, cheap weapons, and industrial manufacturing. They invested lots of finance in wars. The Afghanistan invasion made the Soviet economy in drought. They were humiliated and they had to remove the army. Constant wars made it politically unstable. As it was a proxy war they supplied weapons to their support countries which made them enter the war. There was instability in their alliance that made them weaker. Sino- Soviet war was one of the examples, the Soviet Union which supported China in always, that China attacked the Soviet Union. When Mikhail Gorbachev came into power and became President of the USSR, he implemented laws freed from little dictatorship. He applied freedom of speech and tried to make foreign investments for a better economy. But, this became the mark for the collapse of the Soviet Union and more economic loss. People started knowing the truths of the Soviet Union. Princely states of the Soviet Union started protesting against the government. The government told the army to attack them but the army denied it and said they wouldn't attack their people. Protests erupted and many states declared themselves as princely states. The foreign investment idea made the Soviet communist party unhappy. Economies of India, China, Vietnam, Japan, South Korea overtook the Soviet economy. Then on August 25, 1991, Mikhail Gorbachev resigned and on 26 August 1991 USSR collapsed into Lithuania, Georgia, Estonia, Latvia, Ukraine, Belarus, Transnistria, Moldova, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Poland, Chechnya, Russia, and Kazakhstan. The end of the USSR marked the end of the cold war. The USA won the war of superpower. Mikhail Gorbachev won the Nobel peace prize. The world became peaceful.
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