–Neel Jadhav(IXth B, Abhinav Vidyalay) What comes to your mind when you think about chess? People moving pieces from one square to the other? People staring aimlessly at the board? The chess we play today is a successor of the old game chaturanga played in India. The 16th century saw the frequent evolutions of this game. In 1749CE Francios-Andre Philidor wrote a book titled Analyse du jeu des échecs, in which he covered new opening ideas and a defense that exists till today! The Philidor defense was used famously in pawn and rook endgames. He also wrote a quote” The pawns are the soul of chess” in this book. Chess became popular in the 19 th and 20 th centuries. Famous grandmasters Garry Kasparov(Russia), Anatoly Karpov(Russia), Vishwanathan Anand(India), Bobby Fischer(America), Jose Capablanca(Cuban),Mikhail Tal (Soviet Lativian ) were in this legendary era .